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October 26, 2008

Sociologist Karl Mannheim distinguished between ideology and utopia (which is roughly equivalent to the distinction Marx made between false consciousness and class consciousness). The ideology, in this framework, is the “establishment” belief system (dating myself here) supported by social and cultural elites. The utopia is the shared belief system of the oppressed or, to use Franz Fanon’s famous term, les damnés de la terre (the wretched of the earth).

Personally, I see neurodiversity, in Mannheim’s context, as a utopia worth striving for.

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